He destroyed the monastery system for the wealth they provided

Netley Abbey and the Gothic

Canada Goose Parka Inquiring readers, Tony Grant, a blogger and contributor to this blog for a decade, has submitted this interesting post about Netley Abbey. He ties history, literature, poetry, and painting to Jane Austen’s fascination with the gothic novel, which led to her writing Northanger Abbey in her wonderfully satiric vein. Enjoy! Canada Goose Parka

When I canada goose outlet store calgary was eight years old, I recall one of my grandmothers telling me about the ghosts that haunted Netley Abbey. Netley Abbey is four miles along Southampton Water from where I grew up. I lived in Woolston, a small industrial area of Southampton next to the Itchen River, which flows into Southampton Water at the cities docks. (See Google satellite map image below and Google map image alongside it.)

Canada Goose Outlet Within walking distance of where I lived are extensive areas of woodland and farms that specialized in market gardening. Netley Abbey itself is set within woodland near the shore of Southampton Water, not far from The Hamble River and within view of the Isle of Wight. Canada Goose Outlet

buy canada goose jacket Google street view: Entrance to Netley Castle buy canada goose jacket

Canada Goose Jackets I remember my grandmother telling me about a White Lady, who has been seen on occasions wafting through the ruins of Netley. She reputedly had been incarcerated within a bricked up space within the Abbey. Quite a horrific canada goose outlet washington dc thought. She told me also of the dark presence of a black clad monk that sometimes appeared in the ruined entrances to the cloisters within the Abbey’s precinct. Canada Goose Jackets

Netley Abbey ruined walls and pillars: Image Tony Grant

Canada Goose online Another story tells of a builder at the beginning of the 18th century, when the Abbey’s stones and bricks were being recycled as building material, and how part of the arched window at the western end of the abbey church fell on him, canada goose outlet sale fatally injuring him. Stories canada goose outlet shop like this, imagined and real, were useful in keeping Netley Abbey in a substantial state. These stories became vivid images canada goose outlet london in the mind of a small boy. Canada Goose online

Netley Abbey arches. Image Tony Grant

canada goose black friday sale My friends and I would walk to Netley canada goose womens outlet or take the green Hants and Dorset bus there. We clambered over the ruins of the Abbey in daylight, canada goose outlet factory imagining what might happen at night, especially in the dim glow of canada goose outlet canada a full moon and with the hooting of owls. Many trees around the Abbey have crows nests high up in their branches and the harsh echo of their shrieking almost always pervades the air around and above the Abbey ruins. I remember our young selves feeling scared and worried but drawn helplessly to this haunted place. canada goose black friday sale

cheap Canada Goose Netley Abbey is the most complete set of Cistercian monastic ruins in England. Peter de Roches, the Bishop of Winchester founded Netley in 1238. Unfortunately, he died soon after and before building work on the Abbey had begun. However, a group of monks from Beaulieu Abbey in The New Forest arrived in Netley a year later, in 1239, and probably lived in wooden huts while the Abbey was under construction. King Henry III (1216 1272) became the patron of Netley. On one of the remaining canada goose outlet store toronto stone pillar bases inside the church ruins, a clear inscription shows Henry III’s name. cheap Canada Goose

canada goose coats on sale Map of Netley Abbey ca. 1300 modern times canada goose victoria parka outlet canada goose coats on sale

canadian goose jacket The Cistercians were an order founded by Robert Molesme in 1089. He was a Benedictine who felt that the Benedictines had abandoned the life of simplicity the rule of St Benedict stated. He set about rectifying this. The monks set up an Abbey at Citeaux in France that gave them their name, Cistercian. They returned to a life of manual work and prayer and dedicated themselves to the ideal of charity and self sustenance. This is very much the lifestyle the monks at Netley followed. canadian goose jacket

Fifteen monks and thirty lay brothers lived at Netley, along with officials and servants. They provided sustenance and shelter to travelers and extensively farmed the land around Netley. Interestingly, only a few miles away St. Mary the Virgin, Hound Parish Church, at nearby Hamble le Rice on the Hamble River, was founded by Benedictines separately from the Cistercians at Netley. (Images below by Tony Grant.)

Infirmary. Netley Abbey. Image Tony Grant.

Netley Abbey Ruins. Image Tony Grant

Archway. Netley Abbey. Image Tony Grant

canada goose store In 1536 Henry VIII began the suppression of the monasteries in England. The destruction of the monasteries transformed the power and political structures in England. Henry had cut himself off from Rome and had made himself the head of the church in England. He destroyed the monastery system for the wealth they provided and also canada goose outlet near me to suppress political opposition. The monasteries and the church had been a social and political force that in some ways had been more powerful than the monarchy canada goose outlet uk itself. Church property in England canada goose outlet online reviews had been home to 10,000 monks, nuns, friars and canons. Henry sold the land to landowners. Some of the buildings became churches of the church of England, such as Durham Cathedral. Many were left to ruin,such as Tintern Abbey in the Wye Valley on the border of England and Wales. The monks who resisted were executed. The majority were pensioned off. Some of the funds Henry gathered were used to set up educational establishments, such as canada goose outlet uk sale Trinity canada goose outlet store new york College canada goose parka outlet uk Cambridge and Christ Church Oxford. One disastrous result from the dissolution of the monasteries was the destruction of entire monastic libraries, including the loss of many ancient music manuscripts. canada goose store

canada goose coats The Abbey in the 18th and 19th centuries canada goose coats

canada goose clearance sale Netley Abbey however, was not destroyed but given to Sir William Paulet as a reward for his loyal services. He’d held a number of high profile jobs, including the Treasurer to the Royal Household. Sir William turned the Abbey into a private mansion and reused many of the Abbeys existing buildings. The cloisters became a courtyard. He demolished the monk’s refectory and built an elaborate turreted entrance. The mansion remained inhabited until 1704 when the then owner started selling it off for building materials. The Tudor adaptations were mostly removed in the later 19th century, although sections of brickwork can be found within today’s remaining structure. canada goose clearance sale

Netley Abbey. Image Tony Grant

buy canada goose jacket cheap The Tudors built with brick and these are the few remaining Tudor parts. buy canada goose jacket cheap

The Abbey’s Role in Gothic Revival Architecture

canada goose clearance Netley Abbey played an important role in the canada goose outlet ontario 18th and 19th century Gothic revival. Horace Walpole, the 4th earl of Orford, visited Netley Abbey on September 18th 1755. His original name wasHoratio Walpole, (born Sept. 24, 1717, London died March 2, 1797). He was the son of England’s first prime minister, Sir Robert Walpole. Walpole wrote to his friend Richard Bentley. He had been staying with his friend, Chute, at The Vyne near Basingstoke. They had departed on a trip to official canada goose outlet visit Winchester and Southampton. While in Southampton they visited Netley Abbey. Walpole canada goose outlet in uk wrote: canada goose clearance

canada goose deals “Mr Chute persuaded me to take a jaunt to Winchester and Netley Abbey with the latter of which he is very justly enchanted.” canada goose deals

In his letter, Walpole doesn’t seem to think much about Winchester, “it is a paltry town,” but he enthused about Netley Abbey.

Canada Goose sale “The canada goose outlet ruins are vast, and retain fragments of beautiful fretted roofs pendent in the air, with all variety of Gothic patterns of windows wrapped round and round with ivy many trees are sprouted up amongst the walls, and only want to canada goose outlet phone number be increased with cypresses! A hill rises above the abbey, encircled with wood: the fort, in which we would build a tower for habitation, remains with two small platforms. This little castle is buried from the abbey in a wood, in the very centre, on the edge of the hill: on each side breaks in the view of the Southampton sea, deep blue, glistering with silver and vessels; on one side terminated http://www.mycanadagoosejacket.org by Southampton, on the other by Calshot castle; and the Isle of Wight rising above the opposite hills. In short, they are not the ruins of Netley, but of Paradise. Oh! the purple abbots, what a spot had they chosen to slumber in! The scene is so beautifully tranquil, yet so lively, that they seem only to have retired into the world.” Canada Goose sale

Horace Walpole goes on to mention that his friend Thomas Gray had visited Netley previously. Gray had written a letter about his visit to Netley to the Rev. N. Nichols:

canada goose In the bosom of the woods (concealed from profane eyes) lie hid the ruins of Netley Abbey. There may be richer and greater houses of religion, but the abbot is content with his situation. See there, at the top of that hanging meadow under the shade of those old trees that bend into half a circle about it, he is walking slowly (good man!) and bidding his beads for the souls of his benefactors interred in that venerable pile that lies beneath him. Beyond it (the meadow still descending) nods a thicket canada goose outlet online uk of oaks, that mask the building and have excluded a view too garish and too luxuriant for a holy eye: only, on either hand, they leave an opening to the blue glittering sea. Did not you observe how, as that white sail shot by and was lost, he turned and crossed himself to drive the tempter from him that had thrown distraction in his way. I should tell you, that the ferryman who rowed me, a lusty young fellow, told me that he would not, for all the world, pass a night at the Abbey (there were such things seen near it), though there was a power of money hid there. He is widely known for his,”Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard,”published in 1751 canada goose.